Sensitization is the strengthening of a neurological response to a stimulus due to the response to a secondary stimulus. One interesting thing the biological perspective offers in regards to the need for food is a departure from… (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Potentiation, habituation, and sensitization are three ways in which stimuli in the environment produce changes in the nervous system. Much like observation of other’s behaviours, violent video games and television shows have also been proven to trigger aggression in children. Another weakness of explaining the development of aggression in children from the biological perspective is the reductionist nature of the biological approach. Mitsis, Effie M, Hampering. A Biological Predisposition is an increased chance of developing a disease or pattern of behavior based on the genes we inherited from our parents (and our parents’ parents). Philadelphia: Open University Press. This leads to the conclusion that there are multiple forces which lead a child to acting aggressively; hence biological and environmental factors which trigger aggression cannot be isolated. Once the children were exposed to such models, they were taken into another room where there were many toys amongst them the Bobo doll. Differentiate among habituation, sensitization, and long-term potentiation. Such learning, by drawing on the full range of a learner's experience, strengthens the individual's ability both to find novel connections and to harness peripheral perception. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. ‘Frustration and aggression: An experiment with young children’. Supplementary biological factors which cause aggression are low levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin, as well as certain brain structures such as the hypothalamus and amygdala, that when manipulated, may result in aggressive behaviour. Aggression remains a substantial problem today. Leonard Berkowitz (1989) investigated the effect of pain and discomfort on individuals to demonstrate their likelihood of acting aggressively. Alarming articles and studies have revealed that violent video games are linked to aggressive behaviour amongst children. According to Berkowitz (1975) aggression is any behaviour which causes intentional harm to another person. Studies conducted on children (ranging in age from approximately 3 to 15 years old) suggest that aggression develops in children based on their biological background or their environmental context. For example, if a loud sound is suddenly heard, an individual may startle at that sound. For instance, the role of the parent is paramount in using the biological factors of the child to mould the child and guide them through their development. Aggression from the biological perspective is seen as an innate behaviour which is genetically transferred from the parents to their offspring. Biological perspective v Evaluation of the biological perspective ix Learning perspective xi Evaluation of the learning perspective xv Conclusion xvii References xix Bibliography xxi For this reason it is not completely justified, because there are more determinants of aggressive behaviour. In other words, habituation is when we learn not to respond to a stimulus that is presented repeatedly without change. From the results it was found that the children from each group who were exposed to more violent video games were much more aggressive than those who were less exposed. Long-term potentiation is based on the principle that “cells that fire together, wire together,” and is widely considered one of the major cellular mechanisms that underlies learning and memory. See more. Despite the complexity of the science, certain unifying concepts consolidate it into a single, coherent field. The hypothalamus and amygdala can be manipulated using electrical currents, and they may be switched on or off disabling their normal operation using an electrode. A biological is a drug, such as a vaccine, that is derived from a living organism. Human Aggression (2nd ed.). Study for free with our range of university lectures! There may be a few details yet to be discovered, but we pretty much know now what’s going on neurologically, physiologically and psychologically when a person learns knowledge and skills. This is a downfall as complex human behaviours cannot always be explained on a genetic basis; the surrounding environment also plays a central role in influencing and triggering aggressive behaviours. Retrieved July 18, 2009, from CNN, Health Section: http://www.cnn.com/2008/HEALTH/family/11/03/healthmag.violent.video.kids/index.html, Video games ‘Increase Aggression’. Biological and Learning Psychology Order Instructions: This assignment mainly is based on the Adelaide Zoo in South Australia.. October 26, 2013. OpenStax College, How Neurons Communicate. Biological environment definition is - the natural biological factors (such as wild animals and plants or bacteria) that affect human life (as in a particular place or period). The learning perspective suggests that children who play violent video games such as Doom, Wolfenstein 3D or Mortal Combat and others often experience aggressive behaviour, either physically or verbally. Please refer to an authoritative source if you require up-to-date information on any health or medical issue. CC licensed content, Specific attribution, http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Sensitization, http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Habituation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-term_potentiation, http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/neurotransmitter, http://cnx.org/contents/72cfcf6f-e196-4e0b-9bcf-45f4853993e4@5/How-Neurons-Communicate, http://cnx.org/contents/4abf04bf-93a0-45c3-9cbc-2cefd46e68cc@4.100:34/Psychology, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hebbian_theory, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress_(biology)%23/media/File:General_Adaptation_Syndrome.jpg, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Neuronal_Synapse.jpg, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Neuron_-_annotated.svg. This is also a practical advantage as the mice were all kept in the same environmental conditions; hence their behaviour would not differ from one mouse to another because they shared the same environment. ‘On emotional expression after decortication, with some remarks on certain theoretical views’. It has many practical applications which have been effective in explaining the development of aggressive behaviour. The biological perspective can be criticised on the basis that aggression in children cannot be related to studies that have been conducted on animals. For example, an animal may be startled when it hears a loud noise, but if it is repeatedly exposed to loud noises and experiences no associated consequence, such as pain, it will eventually stop being startled. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! This investigation is an evaluation of the biological and learning perspectives of psychology accounting for the development of aggression in children. One of the major debates in psychology has long centered over the relative contributions of nature versus nurture. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. It has always appealed to me to understand the basis of aggressive behaviour as I have seen this behaviour amongst most children and teenagers, as well as adults. Studies such as the breeding of generations as conducted by Lagzerspetz and lesions on certain parts of the brain, conducted by Bard, are contributing factors in the development of aggression which cannot be conducted on humans because it will cause psychological and physical harm to the participants and most likely result in death. The classical definition of Biology is: Biology is the science of life. All work is written to order. D.C (1994). L. (2005). This essay was specifically an evaluation of the biological and learning perspectives of psychology accounting for the development of aggression in children. Biological definition, pertaining to the science and application of biology: the biological substrata; conducting biological tests. The structure of the hypothalamus and the amygdala located within the brain are a leading biological cause of aggressive behaviour. Barker, R. Dembo,T, and Lewin K. (1941). Habituation helps us to distinguish meaningful information from the background. The Animal I have chosen is SUMARTRAN TIGERS. The frustration aggression theory suggests that frustration is the main factor which contributes to aggression. *You can also browse our support articles here >. You'll recognize the root "bio-," meaning "life," as in biography — the story of someone's life — and biology … In other words, if heredity (i.e., genetics) affects a given trait or behavior, then identical twins should show a greater similarity for that trait compared to fraternal (non-identical) twins.There are two types of twins: 1. By findings from research on animals, which highlight that there is some genetic aspect to aggression well!, however, the findings of all Answers LTD, a, Avgustinovich D ( 1991 ) and K.! 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