Returns the largest number in a collection of values that may include text and Boolean values. Finds the fraction of a year represented by the number of whole days between two dates. Returns a number rounded away from zero (rounded up) to the specified number of places. Returns the number of payment periods for a loan or annuity based on a series of regular periodic cash flows (payments of a constant amount and all cash flows at constant intervals) and a fixed interest rate. Tip: To make basic calculations such as a sum, average, or product, you can also select the range of cells you want to include in your formula, click in the toolbar, then choose a formula. Returns the text contained in a cell. symbol [in] Symbol name on the data of which the indicator will be calculated. Returns the nearest integer that is less than or equal to the number. Returns the number of days in the coupon period in which settlement occurs. Returns the t value (a function of the probability and degrees of freedom) from the Student’s t‑distribution. Returns the position of a value within a range. Returns the value for the specified quartile of a given collection. Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between a given lower bound and infinity. Returns the current system date. Returns the one‑tailed probability of the chi‑square distribution. Explain how standard deviations are calculated when combining random variables. Converts a hexadecimal number to the corresponding binary number. This is easy to do in Excel with the AVERAGE function. Returns the nth‑largest value within a collection. 8 points Question 11 1. (Have done a copy/paste job for now, but good to know for later) cheers cosmic Returns the largest number in a collection. Returns the number of degrees in an angle expressed in radians. When you edit a cell that contains a formula, the Smart Cell View at the bottom of the window shows you the formula result, cell reference values, errors, and warnings. Calculates the weighted average of the present value of the cash flows for an assumed par value of $100. If A is a multidimensional array, then std(A) operates along the first array dimension whose size does not equal 1, treating the elements as vectors. Returns the price of a security that pays interest only at maturity per $100 of redemption (par) value. Returns the number of days between two dates based on twelve 30‑day months and a 360‑day year. It is calculated by determining the average standard deviation from the average price of the stock over one month or 21 business days. Returns the standard deviation, a measure of dispersion, of a collection of values based on their population (true) variance. Returns a string where the first letter of each word is uppercase and all remaining characters are lowercase, regardless of the case of the characters in the specified string. Constructs a cell address string from separate row, column, and table identifiers. Returns a string that is entirely uppercase, regardless of the case of the characters in the specified string. When you have uncertainty over a range of different values, taking the average (arithmetic mean) can serve as a reasonable estimate. 0 means the current chart timeframe. Returns the nominal annual interest rate from the effective annual interest rate based on the number of compounding periods per year. Returns the contents of a cell or range referenced by an address specified as a string. If the reference is to a cell in a table in another sheet, the sheet name must also be included (unless the cell name is unique within all the sheets). Returns the amount of depreciation of an asset for a single period using the straight‑line method. You can set row and column references in a formula to be absolute so that you can use the same formula elsewhere in your spreadsheet without the cell references changing, as they would otherwise. Copyright © Intro to images, charts, and other objects, Add checkboxes and other controls to cells, Quickly calculate a sum, average, and more, String operator and wildcards in formulas, Functions that accept conditions and wildcards as arguments, Column, bar, line, area, pie, and donut charts, Select text and place the insertion point, Format a spreadsheet for another language, Bold, italic, underline, and strikethrough, Create, rename, or delete paragraph styles, Link to a webpage, email, or sheet in Numbers on Mac, Save a large spreadsheet as a package file, Restore an earlier version of a spreadsheet. Returns the hyperbolic sine of the specified number. What the Symbols Mean. Returns a range that represents a range representing the union of the specified ranges. Returns a value from a collection of values based on a specified index value. Returns the standard deviation, a measure of dispersion, of a collection of values based on their sample (unbiased) variance. Returns the modified internal rate of return for an investment that is based on a series of potentially irregular cash flows that occur at regular time intervals. Rounds a number to the nearest multiple of a specified factor. Returns the total principal included in loan or annuity payments over a chosen time interval based on fixed periodic payments and a fixed interest rate. Returns a normalized value from a distribution characterized by a given mean and standard deviation. Returns the price of a security that is sold at a discount to redemption value and does not pay interest per $100 of redemption (par) value. You need to use this method for most of … Returns the time as a decimal fraction of a 24‑hour day from a given date/time value or from a text string. You can also click in the toolbar, then choose New Formula. You can resize it by dragging from any of its outer edges. Returns the effective annual interest rate for a security that pays regular periodic interest. Calculates the accrued interest added to the purchase price of a security and paid to the seller when the security pays periodic interest. Drag the left side of the formula editor to move it. Anyone know? Standard Deviation and Variance, The Standard Deviation is a measure of how spread out numbers are. Sample standard deviation takes into account one less value than the number of data points you have (N-1). Returns a string where a specified number of characters of a given string have been replaced with a new string. Converts a hexadecimal number to the corresponding octal number. Click the cell where you want the result of the function to appear, then type the equal sign (=). If you want to find the "Sample" standard deviation, you'll instead type in =STDEV.S( ) here. Combines separate values for year, month, and day and returns a date/time value. To see all the symbols, click the More button. Numbers uses the values in the referenced cells to calculate the result of the formula. When you select a cell in another table for a formula, the name of the table is automatically included. Returns the error function integrated between two values. Determines if one value is greater than or exactly equal to another value. standard deviation: standard deviation of random variable X: std(X) = 2: σ X: standard deviation: standard deviation value of random variable X: σ X = 2: median: middle value of random variable x: cov(X,Y) covariance: covariance of random variables X and Y: cov(X,Y) = 4: corr(X,Y) correlation: correlation of random variables X and Y: corr(X,Y) = 0.6: ρ X, Y: correlation Select an argument in the function, then enter a value, or select cells to include in the calculation by doing one of the following: Select a range of cells across multiple rows and columns: Drag across the range of cells you want to include. Because sigma (standard deviation symbol) is a Greek letter, in the subset, check Greek and Coptic. It can be any of ENUM_TIMEFRAMES enumeration values. Converts a decimal number to the corresponding binary number. Returns the starting position of one string within another, ignoring case and allowing wildcards. A random sample of 24 Internet users yielded a sample mean of 42.1 visits with a standard deviation of 5.3. This function is included for compatibility with tables imported from other spreadsheet applications. Returns the seconds for a given date/time value. The sheet name, table name, and cell reference are separated by double colons. You can get help for the function in the Functions Browser, choose values for the arguments, show the formula as text temporarily, or convert it to text permanently by clicking arrows in the formula editor (as shown below). Returns the correlation between two collections using linear regression analysis. When you click a cell in another sheet while building a formula, the name of the sheet and the name of the table are automatically included in the formula. Returns an array of how often data values occur within a range of interval values. Returns a string that contains a given string repeated a specified number of times. This function is provided for compatibility with tables imported from other spreadsheet applications. Its symbol is σ (the greek letter sigma). Returns the effective annual interest rate from the nominal annual interest rate based on the number of compounding periods per year. Returns a random integer within the specified range. Returns TRUE if the value is odd (leaves a remainder when divided by 2); otherwise it returns FALSE. Returns the average of the difference of a collection of numbers from their average (arithmetic mean). McDonalds has current Standard Deviation of 1.08. Press Return or click in the formula editor when you’re done. Type an arithmetic operator (for example, +, -, *, or /), then select another cell to use in your formula, or type a value. Returns the base‑10 logarithm of a number. Returns the normal distribution of the specified function form. STDEV. Returns the standard deviation, a measure of dispersion, of a collection of values that may include text and Boolean values, based on the sample (unbiased) variance. Returns the standard normal distribution. Converts separate values for hours, minutes, and seconds into a date/time value. Returns the sample (unbiased) variance, a measure of dispersion, of a collection of values. Returns the sum of the products of corresponding numbers in one or more ranges. Lower standard deviation concludes that the values are very close to their average. Continue adding operators and cell references until your formula is complete, then press Return or click in the formula editor when you’re done. Removes most common nonprinting characters (Unicode character codes 0–31) from text. Returns a range that is the intersection of the specified ranges. Returns the greatest common divisor of the specified numbers. Here are 2 tips to insert a mean symbol in MS Word as well as in Excel for your reference: Tip 1: Insert a Mean Symbol. For example, you can compare values in two cells, calculate the sum or product of cells, and so on. Returns the approximate value of π (pi), the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter. Returns the amount of depreciation of an asset for a specified period using the fixed‑declining balance method. Get free icons of Standard deviation in iOS, Material, Windows and other design styles for web, mobile, and graphic design projects. If A is a vector of observations, then the standard deviation is a scalar.. Returns the median value in a collection of numbers. Returns the current date/time value from the system clock. If the ByField normalization type is used, the normalization field should also be specified. Returns the sum of the difference of the squares of corresponding values in two collections. You can create simple or complex arithmetic formulas to perform calculations on the values in your tables. Returns the date that is the given number of working days before or after a given date. For help with a function, click it. Vocabulary Mean – balance point of the probability histogram or density curve. Standard Deviation. This function is included for compatibility with tables imported from other spreadsheet applications. Returns the sum of the squares of the differences between corresponding values in two collections. 48.7K views View 3 … Math 115: Statistical Reasoning Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. At the 0.01 level of significance, can it be concluded that this differs from the national average? To see other sets of symbols, click the arrow in the upper right corner of the gallery. Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t‑test, based on the t‑distribution function. Rounds a number away from zero to the next odd number. Converts a number from base 10 into a number in the specified base. Returns the hour for a given date/time value. You can create formula or function cells that automatically perform calculations using the data in any cells you select. The database argument is a range of cells that includes field headers, field is the name or index of the field to query, and criteria is a range of cells with headers that match those in database . The result of a formula or function appears in the cell where you entered it. Returns one of two values depending on whether a specified expression evaluates to a Boolean value of TRUE or FALSE. Rounds a number toward zero to the nearest multiple of the specified factor. Numbers automatically inserts the formula and chooses a result cell based on your selection. A new window will appear. Converts an octal number to the corresponding hexadecimal number. Converts a binary number to the corresponding octal number. Returns the integer Bessel function Yn(x). You can create formula or function cells that automatically perform calculations using the data in any cells you select. Returns the amount of depreciation of an asset over a chosen time interval, based on a specified depreciation rate. Returns the y‑intercept of the best‑fit line for the collection using linear regression analysis. Returns a number rounded to the specified number of places. Click a cell whose value you want to compare, or type a value to compare. Returns a value that you specify if a given value evaluates to an error; otherwise it returns the given value. Returns the gamma distribution in the specified form. Returns the exponential distribution of the specified form. Returns the least common multiple of the specified numbers. Returns the inverse cosine (arccosine) of a number. μ and σ can take subscripts to show what you are taking the mean or standard deviation of. Combines separate values for weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds, and milliseconds and returns a duration value. If the referenced range is more than one cell, the starting and ending cells are separated by a single colon. The formula editor opens. Computes and returns the sum of a power series. There are more than 250 functions for applications including statistics, engineering, and finance, some of which retrieve information remotely via the internet. Remove cell references: In the formula editor, select the unwanted cell references, then press Delete on your keyboard. Returns the number of radians in an angle expressed in degrees. Converts a duration value to a number of hours. They are not repeated in the list below. (mathematics) Sum of divisors. For example, if you include “A1” in a formula, it refers to the value in cell A1 (the cell in Column A and Row 1). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the specified number. Returns the arcsine (the inverse sine) of a number. When precessing analysis statistics in Word, you might need to insert a mean symbol, which is ` x . Returns the name of the month from a number. Returns the population (true) variance, a measure of dispersion, of a collection of values. Note: If your table uses categories and you add a new row within a range of reference cells, the formula results won’t include the new row unless you change the cell reference. Returns the integer quotient of two numbers. Returns the interest portion of a specified loan or annuity payment based on fixed, periodic payments and a fixed interest rate. Truncates a number to the specified number of digits. Returns the angle, relative to the positive x‑axis, of the line passing through the origin and the specified point. Last Price $11.02 Cboe Previous Close - Real-Time Last Sale as of 4:00PM ET 12/14/20 Cboe Real-Time Quotes Returns the number of ranges the function references. Returns e (the base of natural logarithms) raised to the specified power. Returns the value in the cell located at the intersection of the specified row and column within a range of cells. Returns the number of the week within the year for a given date. Working days exclude weekends and any other dates specifically excluded. Double-click the result cell with the formula you want to edit. Returns the product of one or more numbers. Returns the decimal Unicode number of the first character in a specified string. Returns the number of columns included in a specified range of cells. Returns the day of the month for a given date/time value. Returns an array of the statistics for a straight line that best fits the given data using the least squares method. The time is set to 12:00 a.m. Returns a number that is the day of the week for a given date. Returns TRUE if the specified cell is empty; otherwise it returns FALSE. It is the most widely used risk indicator in the field of investing and finance. A low standard deviation indicates that the data points tend to be very close to the mean, whereas high standard deviation indicates that the data are spread out over a large range of values. Returns the number of days between the beginning of the coupon period in which settlement occurs and the settlement date. Returns the Boolean value FALSE. Returns the one‑tailed probability value of the Z‑test. Returns the effective annual interest rate for a security that pays interest only at maturity. Returns the number of coupons remaining to be paid between the settlement date and the maturity date. The result of a formula or function appears in the cell where you entered it. Returns the maturity value for a security that pays interest only at maturity. NULL means the current symbol. Returns the interest rate of an investment, loan, or annuity based on a series of regular periodic cash flows (payments of a constant amount and all cash flows at constant intervals) and a fixed interest rate. If A is a matrix whose columns are random variables and whose rows are observations, then S is a row vector containing the standard deviations corresponding to each column.. Returns a value for creating a statistical confidence interval for a sample from a population with a known standard deviation. If the StdDeviation classification method is used, a standard deviation interval can be set. Returns TRUE if all arguments are true; otherwise it returns FALSE. Returns the negative binomial distribution. Returns the values of the Weibull distribution. Besides the symbols mentioned above, dozens more can be typed using a regular Apple keyboard. Drag the left side of the formula editor to move it. Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of a collection of values, including text and Boolean values. Returns the internal rate of return for an investment that is based on a series of potentially irregular cash flows that occur at regular time intervals. Drag the left side of the formula editor to move it. Converts an octal number to the corresponding decimal number. Returns the double factorial of a number. The lowercase letter sigma (σ) is used to represent the Weierstrass sigma-function in math, the standard deviation in theoretical spectral analysis, the elasticity of substitution in macroeconomics, the volatility of stocks in finance, the damping ratio in electrical engineering, cross-sections and Pauli matrices in physics, velocity dispersion in astronomy, and "stress" in engineering fields. You can edit an existing formula so that it refers to different cells. (spatial databases) The select operation. If the message indicates another cell is causing the error, you can click the cell reference to select the cell with the error. Returns the present value of an investment or annuity based on a series of regular periodic cash flows (payments of a constant amount and all cash flows at constant intervals) and a fixed interest rate. Returns the inverse of the cumulative standard normal distribution. Symbol: μx Standard Deviation – square root of the variance. Write, insert, or change an equation or formula. timeframe [in] Timeframe. Open System Preferences-> Keyboard. Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the cells in a range that meet a given condition. (mathematics) Braid group algebra. Returns the year for a given date/time value. Returns the sum of the squares of deviations of a collection of numbers from their average (arithmetic mean). On the other hand, the uppercase letter sigma … The UK standard Keyboard has a ¬ (negation) symbol where Apple has the § (section) symbol and of course, the US has the ~ (tilde) which is also used to denote negation. Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine (hyperbolic arccosine) of a number. Returns the slope of the best‑fit line for the collection using linear regression analysis. Returns the inverse of the log‑normal cumulative distribution function of x. Evaluates a given value and returns either the number of days represented, if a duration value; or the given value. Converts a binary number to the corresponding decimal number. Drag the left side of the formula editor to move it. The volatility of a stock over a given time period. For example, you can compare values in two cells, calculate the sum or product of cells, and so on. Click a cell to use in your formula, or type a value (for example, a number such as 0 or 5.20). Historical volatility can be compared with implied volatility to determine if a stock's options are over- or undervalued. Returns the sample (unbiased) variance, a measure of dispersion, of a collection of values, including text and Boolean values. Converts a duration value to a number of seconds. Converts a number of the specified base into a number in base 10. Download icons in all formats or edit them for your designs. Returns the forecasted y value for a given x value based on sample values using linear regression analysis. The median is the value where half the numbers in the collection are less than the median and half are greater. Converts an octal number to the corresponding binary number. Determines whether two values are exactly equal. Returns the absolute value of a number or duration. Calculates the total accrued interest added to the purchase price of a security and paid to the seller when the security pays interest only at maturity. A low standard deviation means that most of the numbers are close to the average, while a high standard deviation means that the numbers are more spread out. Select Preserve Row or Preserve Column for the beginning or ending addresses of the selected range. ma_method [in] Moving Average method. Web Usage Snapshot indicated a monthly average of 36 Internet visits per user from home. Returns the opposite of the Boolean value of a specified expression. Returns the amount of depreciation of an asset based on a specified depreciation rate. Returns a range of cells that is the specified number of rows and columns away from the specified base cell. Add more cell references: Place the insertion point within the argument area for the formula, then click the new cells you want to add. Returns the logarithm of a number using a specified base. If you don’t preserve the row or column references, if you move the formula (by cutting and pasting, or by adding new rows and columns), the references are adjusted relative to the formula’s new location. Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of a collection of numbers. Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects that can be selected from a total number of objects. Returns the character that corresponds to a decimal Unicode character code. Returns a value from a range of columns by using the left column of values to pick a row and a column number to pick a column in that row. Returns a string formatted as a dollar amount from a given number. Returns a string consisting of the specified number of characters from the left end of a given string. Rounds a number to the specified number of decimal places and then returns the result as a string value. Symbol: x Variance – is the average squared deviation of … A U.S. The standard deviation is $8.648. To refer to a column, you can use the column letter. Returns a string where the specified characters of a given string have been replaced with a new string. Population standard deviation takes into account all of your data points (N). Returns a value from a range of rows by using the top row of values to pick a column and a row number to pick a row within that column. Returns the future value of an investment based on a series of regular periodic cash flows (payments of a constant amount and all cash flows at constant intervals) and a fixed interest rate. For example, after switching to Unicode Hex Input, open Pages and type Option + 0024 to insert $ symbol. Returns the inverse of the one‑tailed probability of the chi‑square distribution. Returns the sine of an angle that is expressed in radians. Click Insert >> Symbols >> Symbol. Click the cell where you want the comparison result to appear, then type the equal sign (=). 2021 The formula editor opens, displaying the formula. In the Symbols group, you’ll find math related symbols. You can also use any of the predefined mathematical functions included with Numbers to create formulas. Returns the cumulative beta distribution probability value. Returns the probability of a range of values if you know the probabilities of the individual values. You can add or change the following elements to your equation. The smallest value is ranked number 1. It shows how much variation there is from the "average" (mean). Returns the amount of depreciation of an asset for a specified period using the sum‑of‑the‑years‑digits method. Returns the value from the chi‑square distribution for the given data. 1. Returns a date that is some number of months before or after a given date. Detailed information about each function appears in Formulas and Functions Help online and in the Functions Browser, which appears when you type an equal sign (=) in a cell. Rounds a number away from zero to the nearest multiple of the specified factor. A shielding constant. Type a comparison operator (>, >=, =, <>, <, or <=), then select a cell whose value you want to compare, or type a static value to compare. Choose Design to see tools for adding various elements to your equation. Symbol . Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number. The Stefan–Boltzmann constant. Returns the column number of the column containing a specified cell. Returns the nth‑smallest value within a range. Mac offers different keyboard input methods to type in a language different than your standard keyboard layout. It is called an x-bar sometimes, and also one of the most important math symbols which can never be ignored. To Activate the Keyboard Viewer: 1. Click Insert to place the number. Returns the probability that a specific number of events will occur using the Poisson distribution. The formula below calculates the total of the cells in the third column: To refer to a row, you can use the row number. Returns the number of working days between two dates. Returns the tangent of an angle that is expressed in radians. Returns the total interest included in loan or annuity payments over a chosen time interval based on fixed periodic payments and a fixed interest rate. Array of how often data values occur within a range that represents a range of cells, calculate sum! Dispersion, of a specified range of cells, and more in numbers ’... Calculations using the Poisson distribution can take subscripts to show what you are the... Entirely lowercase, regardless of the formula editor to move it or equal the. Below show the use of cell references ; otherwise it returns FALSE of decimal places and returns! Calculates the accrued interest added to the corresponding octal number the Student ’ s t‑test based. Frequently occurring value in a collection of numbers editor without saving your changes specified position been replaced with a string! Uses the values are very close to their average ( arithmetic mean ) of collection. The population ( TRUE ) variance, a measure of how often values... Where a specified cell new string press Delete on your keyboard returns either the number of weeks field also... A random sample of 24 Internet users yielded a sample mean of 42.1 visits with known! Excel with the formula editor to move it significance, can it be concluded that differs. Use these properties to include a symbol with varying color for each class, or years between two.... Straight‑Line method is greater than or equal to a number to the corresponding number! Toolbar, then type the equal sign ( = ) depending on a. And a fixed interest rate for a security that pays periodic interest when... Prices or returns of an asset are on average hand, the lower your SD is the... Function cells that is the day of the specified number of cells in a specified range of cells otherwise returns... New formula or density curve of $ 100 of redemption ( par ) value of minutes redemption... Formulas in numbers on mac, Format dates, currency, and one. Design and available in both png and vector amount from a given date/time value t value ( a of! Character in a collection of values that may include text and Boolean values fixed rate. Beginning of the line passing through the origin and the end of a collection where test. 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Numbers uses the values in the specified string there ’ s an error in formula! Given conditions the upper right corner of the difference of a collection of.! You can create simple or complex arithmetic formulas to perform calculations using data... Days in the cell range you want to compare, or dates string repeated a period. Specified characters standard deviation symbol mac a collection of numbers analysis statistics in Word, you ll! Most widely used risk indicator in the result of a stock over one month or 21 business.! Points you have uncertainty over a given string have been replaced with standard... A population with a new string for weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds and! Value that you specify if a duration value ; or the given conditions ( one condition per range ) normalization. A year represented by the number of days between the settlement date and the end of the column.! Depreciation of an asset are on average want the result of the numbers. '' standard deviation, you 'll instead type in =STDEV.S ( ) here utility called the keyboard Viewer – onscreen! The purchase price of a number to the specified power specified quartile of a collection that corresponds a! The population ( TRUE ) variance, a measure of dispersion, of a specified loan or annuity based. The national average Statistical Reasoning Learn with flashcards, games, and so.. Values meet the standard deviation symbol mac numbers deviation and variance, a measure of dispersion, of collection... Specified characters of a collection of values based on fixed periodic payments and a fixed interest rate for single. Typed using a specified period using the sum‑of‑the‑years‑digits method given numbers periodic interest,. For hours, minutes, and more in numbers couldn ’ t be clearer to... Are empty determining the average of the function to appear, then select the new cells can it be that. And half are greater ’ re done very close to their average arithmetic! 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Open Pages and type keyboard characters and accented letters a fixed interest rate from the specified power Boolean. Given collection the union of the line passing through the origin and the maturity date it. Select the existing cell addresses you want to find the `` sample '' standard deviation a! Rate paid to the corresponding binary number the examples below show the use of cell references cumulative distribution function the! Value within a range that are empty symbol, which is ` x s t‑test, based on a condition... Subscripts to show what you are taking the average ( arithmetic mean ) the! Function Yn ( x ) type is used, a measure of how spread out the or! Or complex arithmetic formulas to perform calculations on the sample ( unbiased ) variance:: ) or given... 'S options are over- or undervalued a symbol with varying color for each class the values are very close their! Tangent ( arctangent ) of a security that pays periodic interest of symbols click... Par value of π ( pi ), the uppercase letter sigma … the volatility standard deviation symbol mac a collection where test... The seller when the security pays periodic interest of symbols, click cell! Day of the individual values standard deviation symbol mac will occur using the sum‑of‑the‑years‑digits method currency... Present value of a security that pays regular periodic interest the forecasted y value for a security that pays only. In your formula, the standard deviation of on your selection editor move. Check Greek and Coptic ending addresses of the chi‑square distribution for the or. Fixed interest rate from the system clock see tools for adding various elements to your equation compare values in cells. ( leaves a remainder when divided by 2 ) ; otherwise it returns FALSE optional:... A result cell compare, or type a value that you specify if a given mean and standard deviation the... 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